The legislation requires the United States government to determine which Chinese officials are responsible for the "arbitrary detention, torture and harassment" of Uighur and other Muslim minorities in the restive Xinjiang region.
On Wednesday, the United States passed legislation to impose sanctions on Chinese officials who infringe upon the human rights of Uighurs.
"We once again urge the United States to correct its mistakes", the ministry said, adding, "China will resolutely counteract (the USA move) and all consequences arising therefrom must be borne by the United States". Under the new legislation, the US government can freeze the assets of individuals and entities found responsible for human rights abuses in Xinjiang, as well as ban the identified individuals from entry to the United States.
At the opening dinner of the Osaka G-20 meeting in June 2019, with only interpreters present, Xi had explained to Trump why he was basically building concentration camps in Xinjiang.
Trump signed for the law as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo held his first face-to-face meeting since previous year with China's top diplomat, Yang Jiechi.
The sanctions move is likely to deliver a fresh blow to the already tense US-China relations.
Congress sent the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2020 to Trump in May.
Trump signed the bill into law on the same day that an excerpt from a book written by his former National Security Advisor John Bolton was published in the newspaper.
Members of Congress intended the legislation to increase pressure on China over the crackdown in Xinjiang, where authorities have detained more than a million people from mostly Muslim ethnic groups that include Uighurs, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in a vast network of detention centres. "It is hoped that the USA and China will go hand-in-hand". -China policy, but rather a signal that Trump is doubling down on tough talk amid not only intensifying bilateral exchanges between Washington and Beijing, but also a tense domestic political climate in the United States.