Russian Federation banned from Winter Olympics but 'clean' athletes can compete

Russia banned from 2018 Pyongchang Winter Olympics

Russian Federation has been banned from competing at next year's Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang by the International Olympic Committee over allegations of state-sponsored doping at the 2014 Games hosted in Sochi.

Here are key dates in the scandal.

The absence of Russian athletes would sap many events of top competitors.

The IOC also imposed a lifetime Olympic ban on Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko, the organizer of soccer's 2018 World Cup, and imposed a fine of $15 million on the Russian Olympic committee.

The deal between the RUSADA, which has been non-compliant since a report revealed systemic doping in athletics in November 2015, and the RIOU will see the two bodies cooperate "through the delivery of mass awareness-raising activities and the introduction of innovative educational approaches and tools".

WADA's second report into doping and corruption is published.

Released in two phases, the McLaren Report concluded that Russia's scheme involved more than 1,000 Russian athletes - and that it also included plans both for manipulating doping controls and for covering up the system.

Another ARD programme claims that Russian authorities have been covering up for coaches disgraced by the doping programme, directly pinpointing Mutko for his alleged involvement in the cover-up.

Of the growing number of athletes who have been stripped of their medals, Bach said the IOC is looking at how to give the clean athletes who are elevated to the podium the recognition they deserve as they are recognized with Olympic medals.

The investigation finds the FSB helped "the state-dictated failsafe system" carried out by the sports ministry and covering 30 sports.

To suspend the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) with immediate effect. One Russian was cleared.

Twenty-eight Russians competing in Sochi are implicated in cheating by McLaren.

"An Olympic boycott has never achieved anything", IOC President Thomas Bach said at a news conference.

The Kremlin did not immediately comment on the decision, but on Monday spokesman Dmitry Peskov said it was not considering a boycott, though President Vladimir Putin would make the final decision.

The Russian authorities have vehemently denied any state involvement in doping and pledged to work with global sports bodies to curb the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in the country. They've taken away 11 of Russia's 33 medals.

In an embarrassment for Russia's hosting of the 2018 World Cup, the International Olympic Committee also banned Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko from the Olympics for life.

He says: "This is all because we are such a great sport superpower".