India and China agreed even as far back as 1954 to allow Indian Mansarovar-Kailash pilgrims to use the Lipu Lekh Pass. Nepal's claim to the territory was discussed during visits by Indian External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh to Beijing in 1999, by Chinese Premier Wen Jiaobao to Delhi in 2005, and by Chinese President Xi Jinping in India in 2014. "The recently inaugurated road section in Pithoragarh district in the state of Uttarakhand lies completely within the territory of India", India's foreign ministry spokesperson Anurag Srivastava said.
According to the Indian statement on Saturday, India and Nepal have an established mechanism for boundary issues, and the delineation of the border with Nepal is ongoing.
On Saturday, Nepal's foreign ministry objected to the opening, describing India's move as a "unilateral act" that runs against the understanding reached between the two countries, including at the level of Prime Ministers, that a solution to boundary issues would be sought through negotiations. It covers Gossips, Politics, Movies, Technolgy, and Sports News and Photo Galleries and Live Coverage of Events via Youtube.
On Friday, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated by videoconference the road between Dharchula and Lipu Lekh, which will reduce the length of the Hindu pilgrimage of Kailash Mansarovar Yatra inside China by several days.
"The Government of Nepal remains committed to seek diplomatic solution to boundary issues on the basis of the historical treaty, documents, facts and maps in keeping with the spirit of close and friendly ties between the two countries", the Nepali Foreign Ministry stated.
Last year, Nepalese Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli had vowed to remove Indian troops from their land after a new Indian map showed the region of Kalapani within India, leading to protests across Nepal. "India is committed to resolving outstanding boundary issues through diplomatic dialogue and in the spirit of our close and friendly bilateral relations with Nepal", added the MEA in the statement.
India on Saturday rejected Nepal's claim that the recently inaugurated link road in Uttarakhand passes through its territory, saying the region lies completely within Indian borders. It said the protest also flowed from a new map of the region India drew after the bifurcation of occupied Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories in December past year.
"Nepal, India and China are yet to ascertain the tri-junction in Lipulekh".
It called on India "to refrain from carrying out any activity inside" in the territory.
A treaty signed between Nepal and British India in 1816 determined the Makhali river, that runs through Kalapani, as the boundary between the two neighbours.
The same hashtag had gained widespread traction in 2015, when landlocked Nepal accused India of imposing a border blockade as the Himalayan nation recovered from two devastating earthquakes.