"Given the current situation in Regarding coronavirus, Prime Minister Boris Johnson won't be next week in be able to visit India, "said Downing Street in an explanation".
The two governments said Johnson and Indian Prime Minister Narenda Modi would speak later this month and planned to meet in person later this year.
Danny Altmann, a professor of immunology at Imperial College London, is among those who said that he finds it "mystifying" and "slightly confounding" that India is not yet on the red list and that those flying into the United Kingdom from there are not subjected to the compulsory hotel quarantine.
AgenciesThe India-UK Partnership in Climate Action, clean energy, healthcare and building on a successful vaccine collaboration to combat COVID-19 and other pandemics were also highlighted as being priority areas for the visit, which will now take place virtually.
India has been reporting more than 200,000 cases daily since 15 April.
Boris Johnson has postponed his trip to India due to the surge in cases and shortly after, India was added to the UK's "red list", where arrivals from certain countries have to go into hotel quarantine.
The visit, aimed at fostering closer ties, was first scheduled for January, but was delayed due to the UK's winter wave of infections.
India is in the middle of an unprecedented second wave of the coronavirus pandemic, recording 2,73,810 new cases on Monday, taking its tally of infections to 1,50,61,919.
The death toll increased by 178,769 by another 1,619 new fatalities.
Travel from India to Britain is being banned for non-British and Irish citizens from 4:00 a.m. BST (0300 GMT) on Friday after the country was added to Britain's travel "red list", British Health Secretary Matt Hancock said Monday.
Infections in India are now surging as the country endures a second wave of the virus.
Similar virus curbs already have been imposed in the worst-hit state of Maharashtra, home to India's financial capital, Mumbai.
Warnings over the Indian variant come despite the lockdown and vaccine programme leading to cases falling to a seven-month low in England.
The strain identified in India, known as B.1.617, is now designated a "variant under investigation" by British health authorities, rather than a "variant of concern", such as those first identified in southeast England, Brazil and South Africa.