Dutch police later said they had detained about 90 demonstrators who were blocking a busy Amsterdam street near the Rijksmuseum.
For days the group has been training members on how best to engage in acts of civil disobedience.
Extinction Rebellion activists are running a "spring rebellion" to pressure the Australian Government into declaring a climate emergency.
"The situation is extreme", Extinction Rebellion member Katerina Hasapopoulos recently told Joanna Kakissis for NPR, "and we need to match that with extreme tactics".
The group, which included the protest's organiser, was taken into police custody just after 10:00am as the other protesters marched from the park towards Town Hall.
A two-week global protest to bring attention to climate change started this weekend in Europe will be making its way to Toronto.
The group calls itself "a nonviolent, peaceful, and disciplined movement". This is Lizzy Mansfield, one of the protesters. "It's really a classic strategy for initiating certain discussions".
The Extinction Rebellion movement is holding governments across the globe accountable for what they call "criminal inaction on the climate and ecological crisis".
Extinction Rebellion chapters across Canada and internationally staged similar actions during the morning rush hour.
"Our lawyers advise that any attempt to remove essential well-being facilities, including first aid kits and essential sanitation, would be an abuse of police powers and an unlawful attempt to frustrate the exercise of the fundamental rights of freedom of assembly and freedom of expression". "Many people around the world can't protest because they haven't got the resources or the time, or they're scared of the harm it might cause them", he added. But so far the activists have not responded. "We are well aware that it isn't something everyone can afford to do".
Ms Harland said three people had locked themselves onto barrels filled with concrete in the middle of the intersection of George and Ann streets. Therefore members avoid harassing or disturbing individuals, as well as trying to ensure that actions can not be misinterpreted as being violent. The group was spearheaded by United Kingdom environmental activists Roger Hallam and Gail Bradbrook. Extinction Rebellion activists have taken up the offer.
Hallam says that if 3.5% of the population would support the movement, its chances of success would go up significantly. While some applauded the action as a necessary inconvenience, others complained that the eco-activists were causing more pollution by forcing cars to sit in congested traffic for hours, while others said they were wasting police resources as London battles a surge in knife crime.
Ruth Ben-Tovim, an Extinction Rebellion spokesperson from Totnes who was on Lambeth Bridge this morning, told DeSmog: "Some people were trying to get through the cordon, so the police were pushing firmly back from that, and groups of officers did sweeps of arrests".
Alberta Premier Jason Kenney criticized the protesters on Twitter, saying they were preventing workers from reaching their jobs and barring parents from taking kids to school.