Explainer: What is Parler and why has it been pulled offline?

Trump wanted to join Parler under pseudonym CEO claims

Amazon asked a federal judge Tuesday to deny a request by conservative social media network Parler that Amazon reinstate its cloud-service account, noting that Parler had shrugged off requests to police violent content on its site before and after the January 6 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol. Posts on the service sometimes promote far-right and anti-Semitic content, as well as conspiracy theories.

"When Twitter announced two evenings ago that it was permanently banning President Trump from its platform, conservative users began to flee Twitter en masse for Parler".

The wave of Trump followers flocking to the service was short-lived.

Parler has had about 10.8 million installs globally from across the App Store and Google Play, 8.7 million of those from the United States, according to Sensor Tower data.

Apple followed suit on Saturday after giving Parler a day to address complaints it was being used to "plan and facilitate yet further illegal and risky activities".

Amazon took the site off the air for violating the guidelines of its cloud hosting service.

"AWS false claims have made Parler a pariah", and the web services cutoff "is the equivalent of pulling the plug on a hospital patient on life support", the complaint said.

Matze argued in a court filing that Parler's web host, Amazon Web Services, was aware of this since at least October and that the possibility of Trump joining Parler was part of the reason AWS cut ties with the network on Monday.

The White House did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Amazon mentioned the lawsuit had no benefit and filed paperwork exhibiting that it warned Parler in late 2020 about violent hate speech on the app. But it was admonished later in the day by Judge Barbara Rothstein of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, who wrote that Parler had failed to properly serve court papers to Amazon and ordered it to do so.

The complaint stated that without AWS, Parler will come to an end as the company has no other way to get online.

Trump may also launch his own platform. AWS's disconnection of Parler came in the wake of the January 6 violent assault on the U.S. Capitol by a pro-Trump mob, a shocking attack for which the president was impeached Wednesday for the second time.

"AWS reported to Parler, over many weeks, dozens of examples of content that encouraged violence, including calls to hang public officials, kill Black and Jewish people, and shoot police officers in the head ..." Paxton said he was seeking to learn if the companies sought to "eliminate speech they disagree with". He said other tech firms including messaging service Slack and payment processor Stripe have cut off Parler from their services because of Amazon's move. "And most people with enough servers to host us have shut their doors to us".

Parler's choice of attorney in the case is something of an enigma.