City in Inner Mongolia Raises Alert Over Bubonic Plague Case
Jul 10 2020
"There is a risk of a human plague epidemic spreading in this city", Bayannur's local health commission said Sunday in a statement.
"The pubic should improve its self-protection awareness and ability, and report abnormal health conditions promptly".
City officials also warned people not to eat marmots, a type of large rodent that is eaten in some areas of China and Mongolia. It's caused by a bacteria spread by fleas that become infected by rodents.
The CDCreported that a small number of plague infections in humans continue to occur in rural areas in western parts of the United States - an average of seven human cases per year have been reported in recent decades and 80 percent of U.S. plague cases are bubonic. It's not clear how he contracted the disease specifically, but in the region, marmots and other rodents are thought to be a source of plague, which they pass on to fleas.
It was responsible for the Black Death, which killed about 50 million people across Africa, Asia and Europe during the 14th century.
Dr. Matthew Dryden, a microbiologist at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom, told the BBC it was good that Chinese authorities identified the most recent case in Inner Mongolia at an early stage because it can be isolated.
Suspected cases among human patients or sick and dead marmots must be reported immediately, according to the health alert, which will remain in effect until 2021.
Two patients from Inner Mongolia were diagnosed with the plague in a downtown Beijing hospital in November, causing a minor panic in the capital. Bubonic plague specifically is most often transmitted through an infected flea bite, and symptoms include fever, headache, chills, weakness, and swollen or painful lymph nodes, according to the CDC. The global pandemic COVID-19, also derived from China, which was later discovered to be a virus Sars-Cov-2 which reportedly made the jump to humans through the consumption of infected bats. They also forbid the hunting and eating of animals that could carry the disease.
In some individuals, plagues can cause severe disease, with a case-fatality ratio of between 30 and 60 percent.
Between 2009 and 2018, Chinareported 26 cases of plague and 11 deaths.