Hundreds of space enthusiasts watched the takeoff from a beach across the bay from the launch site.
After watching the United States and the Soviet Union lead the way during the Cold War, China has poured billions of dollars into its military-led space programme.
Tianwen-1 is expected to arrive in February 2021 after a seven-month, 55-million-kilometre voyage.
This is the first color image returned from NASA's Viking I lander, taken July 21, 1976, the day after it touched down on Mars.
As the Perseverance Mars Rover traverses the surface of Mars, the LN-200S will provide the attitude and acceleration information used by the Rover's computer for guidance. NASAs virtual launch experience for Mars 2020 Perseverance rover includes: a behind-the-scenes look at the mission; augmented reality filters; access to an engaging NASA social community; an invitation to submit videos to be part of the televised launch broadcast; tool kits for student; a chance to take a souvenir photo in our Mars Photo Booth; and the opportunity to send your name to Mars! However, China National Space Administration (CNSA), the national space agency, are yet to confirm it has reached its intended orbit and is on its way to the red planet. With the second, China became the first country to make a successful soft landing on the far side.
Details: China's mission, called Tianwen-1, is created to conduct extensive geological research and mapping of the Red Planet, according to an article written by people involved in the mission published in Nature Astronomy last week.
Nasa's its InSight and Curiosity rovers, which landed in 2019 and 2012 respectively, are still operational.
The solar-driven rover is developed to function for at the very least 90 days although the structure lifestyle of the orbiter is a full martian year, the equal of two Earth years.
The Moon missions gave China experience in operating spacecraft beyond Earth orbit, but Mars is another story. Meanwhile, the Chinese orbiter will spend a few months surveying for an ideal place to land inside Utopia Planitia, according to mission scientists writing in Nature Astronomy.
The United States has already sent four rovers to Mars since the late 1990s.
But even if we under no circumstances come across Martians, "Mars is a put we can go to response some of the inquiries about existence on Earth", Dr. Sumner explained. Nasa's Perseverance rover is up next. "Each of them is a science and engineering marvel", the Space Foundation's chief executive officer Thomas Zelibor said in an online panel discussion earlier this week.
Instead, according to Cheng, China is in a "slow race" with Japan and India to establish itself as Asia's space power.