Pompeo's statement comes after the US and Chinese leaders' working dinner on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Argentina on 1 December, during which US President Donald Trump agreed to postpone increasing the tariff on $200 billion in Chinese imports to 25 percent, initially planned to go through on January 1.
Iran will continue missile tests to build up its defence and deterrence capabilities, a top military spokesman was quoted as saying on Sunday, following a US allegation that Tehran had carried out a new missile test.
It comes after China and the United States reached a temporary ceasefire in their trade war during "highly successful meeting" between President Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping at the G20 over the weekend.
France "calls on Iran to immediately cease all activity linked to ballistic missiles conceived to carry nuclear weapons, including all launches using ballistic missile technology", it said.
Bahram Qassemi, a spokesperson for Iran's Foreign Ministry, dismissed Pompeo's claim that the missile test contravenes the United Nations resolution, saying in a statement on Sunday, "The country's missile program is just for defense".
He told reporters traveling with Pompeo that Iran's continued missile development and testing is a threat to the region and beyond and in defiance of U.N. Security Council demands. It also calls all member states to refrain from actions that undermine implementation of JCPOA commitments.
The US reimposed oil and financial sanctions against Iran in November, a move it said was aimed at curbing its alleged missile and nuclear programmes.
Defense Secretary James Mattis echoed Pompeo's statement. "It shows that our best efforts to try to talk them out of their aggressive support of terrorism is probably going to be as unsuccessful as the UN's effort to stop them from launching missiles", Mattis said.
His comments Thursday were only the latest in a series of harsh rebukes by the Trump White House against Tehran's vigorous pursuit of its interests across the globe, since the administration's withdrawal from the landmark Obama-era nuclear deal with Iran. He added that while the strategic threat from Iran was less significant globally than the one from North Korea, he said it was regionally significant.