The situation in India is more grave with over 20 million Indians suffering from depression. The day is used to draw attention to particular priorities in global health.
The disorder WHO Director he also explained varies by age, peaking in older adults aged 55-74 years, but also occurring in children and adolescents. He also called for the allocation of adequate human and financial resources to respond to the growing burden.
He said anyone could be affected by depression, regardless of their gender, age, race or national origin. Everyone pays if a person suffering from depression or another mental health illness can not work.
Employers may help recovering patients, or those seeking treatment, in other areas, such as by offering them flexible working hours, time-off for appointments, or opportunities for them to work from home.
Talking openly and honestly about depression and mental illness is one concrete way we can break down fear and stigma. "Talking with people you trust can be a first step towards recovery from depression", Acharya added. It is associated with feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, tiredness and poor concentration. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide, now the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year olds.
A 22-year-old youth, Mukesh (name changed), went into depression when his beloved broke up with him. Left untreated, depression can be recurrent, long-lasting and debilitating.
'While the government legislates, creates an enabling environment, and makes professional services available, the onus is on each one of us to reach out, be it a friend, a colleague, a neighbour or family and make a difference, even save a life. The report titled "Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders - Global Health Estimates" said over two-thirds of global suicides were in low-and middle-income countries.
"Some medical conditions like thyroid problems, brain tumour or vitamins deficiency can present symptoms of depression so it is important to rule out general medical causes before the diagnosis".
"The Government of Canada will continue to help communities address their unique mental health challenges and to work together with the WHO to promote mental health and our collective well-being".
"Even in high-income countries, almost 50% of people with depression do not get treatment".
On World Health Day, which is focusing on depression this year, the President noted that social stigma attached to such conditions remains a "major" problem in India.
With a better state of mind, these workers would be able to regain confidence and be more productive.
Stigma is the biggest challenge we face in improving mental health today.