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PM Imran arrives in Islamabad after successful China visit

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External affairs minister S Jaishankar held meetings with several top US officials in Washington during his three-day trip

The Chinese foreign ministry on Thursday said the "preparations" for gifts for Modi and Nepal's President Bidhya Devi Bhandari had been made.

According to sources, no documents would be signed nor a joint communiqué would be issued as the talks were informal and unstructured.

India recently upgraded its participation in the Quad -- a grouping with the US, Australia, and Japan that Washington hopes will counter China in the Asia-Pacific region.

The share of bilateral commercial transactions at present is trivial in comparison with the two countries' overall trade and investment with other countries but these have many scopes to expand in the coming years if they can controls their political differences on the Kashmir issue.

In 2017, a standoff occurred at the Doklam border as India resisted a road being built in the region by China, and earlier this month, Chinese and Indian military clashed again when the Chinese People's Liberation Army objected to Indian patrols in Ladakh. Mr Jinping and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had their inaugural Informal Summit in Wuhan, China in April past year.

This mixed messaging is part of China's diplomatic arsenal and instead of feeling jubilant and depressed by turns, Indian media would do well to take note of External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar's recent comments at a program organised by New York-based Council on Foreign Relations where he said: "Considering that worldwide affairs is a business of realism... there are differences we have with China".

India has maintained that Kashmir is an internal matter and all steps taken there are to prevent violence.

China's position on the Kashmir issue is clear and consistent, a Chinese government spokesperson said, adding that it is a legacy of history between India and Pakistan, which it says is also the consensus of the global community.

Xi, during a meeting with Khan in Beijing on Wednesday, told the Pakistan prime minister that "the rights and wrongs of the situation in Kashmir are clear", China Central Television reported.

The meeting comes as Xi welcomed Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan in Beijing this week.

"There have been wide gaps between our expectations and the Chinese (on Kashmir)".

"I do not think Kashmir is an issue".

Meanwhile, reports say that UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has reiterated his concern over the alarming human rights situation in Indian-administered Kashmir.

Speaking about housing, he said the country has just started one of its most ambitious housing projects.

"International relations are at its most interesting when there is no clear supremacy or hegemony being established", said Amitabh Mattoo, a professor of politics at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi.

However, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang on Tuesday said the Kashmir issue should be resolved bilaterally, significantly omitting its recent references to the UN and UN Security Council resolutions.

"India and China both have a problem (currently) in resurrecting economic growth rates".

Besides commercial ties, tourism is a largely untapped area, which can further enhance the bilateral relationship through people's interaction from both sides. "And both are concerned that border security should not slip and raise tensions", said Prof Kondapalli. President Xi Jinping lauded Pakistan's efforts to expeditiously execute the CPEC projects and stressed that it would help national and regional economic development process.

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