Also on Saturday, the USA and South Korean navies launched four days of joint drills off the east coast of South Korea.
It is the first such triple-carrier drill in the region for a decade.
Trump has repeatedly railed against the North as he urges the region to take a united front against the threat posed by the isolated nation, which has sparked global alarm with nuclear and missile tests in recent months.
Tensions have been running high since North Korea test-fired two intercontinental ballistic missiles in July, conducted its sixth and most powerful nuclear test on September 3 and flew ballistic missiles over Japan on August 29 and September 15. The carriers will conduct several training activities, including air defense drills, sea surveillance and defense air combat, until Tuesday. We speak with Professor Bruce Cumings, who just returned from Seoul, South Korea, where Trump was met with protests.
American leaders, including President Donald Trump, have warned the belligerent regime not to "underestimate" or "test" US strength.
"The future of this region and its lovely people must not be held hostage to a dictator's twisted fantasies of violent conquest and nuclear blackmail", he said during a speech in Vietnam to the annual Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. Trump has previously derided North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as "rocket man".