North Korea could get hit with its toughest UN sanctions yet
Mar 02 2016
A USA official familiar with the text said the 22-page resolution lists 17 North Korean individuals and 12 North Korean entities that would be subject to sanctions. Both are in defiance of previous council resolutions.
The Russian ambassador to the United Nations said the U.N. Security Council resolution on North Korea should be adopted soon, a sign that new sanctions should pass unanimously on Wednesday.
The measures include mandatory inspections of cargo leaving and entering North Korea by sea or air, and the vote will now take place on Wednesday.
Candidates for the blacklist include Choe Chun-sik, who was head of North Korea's long-range missile program; Hyon Kwang Il, senior official at NADA; Yu Chol U, director of NADA; Jang Bom Sun and Jon Myong Guk, Tanchon Commercial Bank officials in Syria; Jang Yon Son and Kim Yong Chol, Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID) representatives in Iran; and Kang Ryong and Ryu Jun, KOMID representatives in Syria.
On the aviation fuel ban, the final version says it does not apply to the sale or supply of fuel to civilian passenger aircraft outside North Korea for flights to the country and return service. Previously states only had to do this if they had reasonable grounds to believe there was illicit cargo.
States shall bar the opening and operation of new branches, subsidiaries and offices of North Korean banks.
The U.S., its Western allies and Japan pressed for new sanctions that went beyond the North's nuclear and missile programs but China, Pyongyang's neighbor, was reluctant to impose measures that could threaten the stability of North Korea and cause its economy to collapse.
The latest resolution would be the fifth set of United Nations sanctions to hit North Korea since it first tested an atomic device in 2006.
The list of explicitly banned luxury goods will be expanded to include luxury watches, aquatic recreational vehicles, snowmobiles worth more than $2,000, lead crystal items and recreational sports equipment. A United Nations panel of experts monitoring the sanctions has repeatedly pointed out that enforcement can be weak.
"We shall no longer participate in global sessions singling out the human rights situation of the DPRK (North Korea) for mere political attack", Ri said.
In response to the nuclear tests conducted by Pyongyang in 2009 and 2013, the Security Council has adopted another three resolutions to strengthen various sanctions against North Korea, which include an arms embargo, an embargo related to nuclear, ballistic missile, and a ban on the export of luxury goods.
"North Korea used to concern itself with China's reactions but now they don't accept our demands, and our influences seem to be diminishing". It was condemned by much of the world as a test of banned missile technology.
It also expresses the council's "determination to take further significant measures" in the event of another North Korean nuclear test or launch.