Satellite imagery released by Amnesty on Monday as part of itsRemaking Rakhine State report suggests that abandoned Muslim villages are rapidly being cleared and replaced by government infrastructure, with the region becoming "militarised at an alarming pace".
Burma is building military bases, including helipads, on the bulldozed ruins of Rohingya villages, obliterating evidence of what the United Nations has called a programme of ethnic cleansing. "New bases are being erected to house the very same security forces that have committed crimes against humanity against Rohingya", said Tirana Hassan, Amnesty International's crisis response director.
Spokesperson Colm O'Gorman says it makes it even more hard for refugees to return home.
However, that does not appear to be the case as Amnesty claims the new construction, as stated above, seems to be designed for the military as well as non-Rohingya villagers.
Amnesty's analysis of new satellite imagery appears to prove that at least three new security bases have been built in Rakhine since January, while more were found to be under construction, The Telegraph reported. "Not only are their homes gone, but the new construction is entrenching the already dehumanising discrimination they have faced in Myanmar". A repatriation agreement with Bangladesh was supposed to come into force in January.
Eyewitnesses also told Amnesty International how non-Rohingya people were living in new villages that have been built on burned Rohingya homes and farmland over the past months.
An Amnesty report published on Monday echoed previous ones by saying the remains of some of those villages - and some buildings not previously damaged - had been bulldozed.
The quest for accountability "must be aimed at the individuals who gave the orders and carried out violations against individuals and entire ethnic and religious groups", Lee said.
Lee called for a thorough, impartial and credible investigation to be conducted without delay and perpetrators to be held responsible for the alleged crimes that were committed in Rakhine State since 9 October 2016 and 25 August 2017, and for the violations that continue today.
Marzuki Darusman, chairman of a fact-finding mission on Myanmar set up by the council, said his team had received a flood of allegations against the security forces in Rakhine, Kachin, Shan and elsewhere.
But ARSA's rise was just as sudden as their withdrawal, and their actions have effectively led to Myanmar launching a campaign which has seen around 700,000 Rohingya people kicked out of their own country and forced to find refuge in Bangladesh.