This is the seventhconfirmed case of measles in Texas in the past week. All three patients live in northwest Harris County. The mainstream of those infected are children, who have not been vaccinated against the disease, executives said.
This is the first reported measles case of 2019 in the North Texas area and the seventh reported case statewide according to the Texas Department of State Health Services.
Health officials say five cases of measles have been confirmed in southern Texas, including four children under the age of 2-years-old. "Measles is so contagious that if someone has it, 90 percent of the people around that person who are not immune will become infected".
Statewide in Washington, orders for measles vaccine jumped about 30 percent in January compared with the same month previous year, climbing from 12,140 doses to 15,780 doses, figures showed.
In 2018, there were 17 outbreaks and about 350 diagnosed cases of measles in the U.S.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, without specific antiviral treatment available, says the CDC.
A hallmark of measles is a rash that begins as flat, red spots on the face and spreads down the neck to the rest of the body.
Multnomah County's communicable disease team checks in daily with people suspected of being exposed to measles to make sure they can work and do other normal life responsibilities without infecting other people. The lowest was in 2012 with 55 cases, the highest occurred in 2014 with 667 cases.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease - it now prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and a further 1.5 million could be avoided if global coverage of vaccinations improved. One case was reported in Montgomery County, according to ABC 13, and another was in Bell County, KCentTV reported.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended for children because it protects against three potentially serious viral illnesses.