India prepares for launch of Chandrayaan-2 moon mission

India will attempt to go to the Moon next week

"GSLV MKIII vehicle is going to be used for this mission". The countdown will start Sunday with liftoff scheduled for 2:51 a.m. Monday.

Last-minute preparations are on, said sources. To be a major player on the world stage, India had realized it needs a "vigorous space program", he said. Bahubali was a film based around a mythological Indian character with great strength and the GSLV Mk III rocket also has the same. Sources said the testing area was prepared with rocks from Salem. The third phase of the mission involves the roll out of the Pragyan rover from the Vikram lander, and a subsequent 14-day mission for the rover involving various experiments.

About 16 minutes after take-off, the 640-tonne rocket will put the spacecraft - weighing about 3.8 tonnes, about the same as eight elephants - into orbit. According to ISRO, the lunar gravity is lumpy owing to uneven mass distribution under its surface which in turn influences the spacecraft's orbit.

The time taken for the moon to complete one rotation on its axis is approximately equal to 29.5 earth days. The landing process is divided into "rough braking" and "fine braking".The descent trajectory of Vikram has to take into account the variation in local gravity. Even after the rover ceases operations, the orbiter is expected to keep working for roughly a year. The US and Russian Federation have also been to the same region.

The movie starring Superstar Akshay Kumar will tell audiences the little known story of ISRO scientists, who contributed to the country's first interplanetary Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM). The lander will carry a camera, a seismometer, a thermal instrument and a NASA-supplied laser retroreflector that will help calculate the distance between the Earth and the moon. Its doors will open and the rover will roll out. However, it will take four hours from the time of landing to the time the Rover comes out from the lander. It will never go any further than 500 metres from from the lander.

ISRO is following the same launch strategy followed for Chandrayaan-1.

About the scientific objectives of Chandrayaan-2 and reasons for exploring the Lunar South Pole, the ISRO says the Moon provides the best linkage to Earth's early history and offers an undisturbed historical record of the inner Solar system environment. The soft landing on Moon's surface is likely to be on September 6 or September 7. "The site will also be determined while descending".

On Monday, India will embark on its most complex space odyssey to date with the launch of its second lunar mission.

An artist's illustration of India's Chandrayaan-2 lander, Vikram, and its Pragyan rover on the surface of the moon near the lunar south pole. "That area is the South Pole of the moon", said D.B. Pathak, principal of the Kendriya Vidyalaya, IISC. Both were important if humans were to consider living on the moon. It will "boldly go where no country has ever gone before", ISRO said in a statement, reports the Associated Press.