Rashida is also the first Palestinian-American woman in Congress. A proud Palestinian, Tlaib has also been an advocate for Palestinian rights and is an outspoken critic of Trump. It is open, with the seat being vacated by Rep. Keith Ellison, who is running for Minnesota Attorney General. Her parents were both born in Palestine.
Tlaib's relatives in the West Bank village of Beit Ur Al-Fauqa greeted the news of her election with a mixture of pride and hope that she would be able to take on a USA administration widely seen as hostile to Muslims and the Palestinian cause.
Tlaib supports the anti-Semitic BDS (Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions) movement against the state of Israel, which seeks to delegitimize and eventually extinguish the Jewish state.
And regardless of who wins in Arizona's competitive Senate race, the state will elect either Republican Martha McSally or Democrat Kyrsten Sinema as the state's first woman to serve in the chamber.
The result of the elections means that the Republicans no longer hold both wings of the USA congress, handing President Donald Trump's political opponents a stronger foothold in Washington.